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Footnotes in bachelor and master thesis

Footnotes in each diploma thesis will fulfill the same important role – they allow to identify source publications that we use while writing our own work. The presence of footnotes in a scientific work is one of the duties that you must fulfill in order for your work to be correct from a formal point of view. However, it is also your expression as an author, attention to detail in writing the work and reflection of the quality of your research workshop.

Footnotes clearly indicate that when creating your work, you referred to specific books, articles in journals, legal acts, or other types of sources and scientific achievements of other researchers. Footnotes thus indicate your integrity and integrity, while at the same time making the bachelor’s or master’s thesis gained on scientific and research credibility.

How should you make footnotes in a Bachelor’s or Master’s thesis?

Although footnotes are a formal requirement in writing each diploma thesis, there are no specific, universal guidelines that apply in absolutely every work. Just one, the right school of creating footnotes does not exist. This does not mean, however, that we can reach for complete freedom in this matter. When creating footnotes, it is worth following certain guidelines that will make the footnotes correct, transparent and consistent in their form. That’s why:

Creating footnotes or consistent – if you use abbreviations, in each footnote the same, if you decide to save the full name of a given release, then stick to this provision for all studies.

In the preparation of footnotes, remember about the meaning of punctuation and the necessity to transfer “one- and two-handmarks”, eg “w”, “i”, “ze”, located at the end of the lines.

Also remember that there should be at least 3 footnotes on the page. The maximum number is not specified. However, the unsightly and rather inelegant will be the disturbance of proportions, i.e. the situation in which footnotes will occupy almost as much space as the content of the work above.

Footnotes should be separated from the main text by a thin line.

The font you use to create footnotes should be two degrees smaller than the basic text of the chapter.

In the footnotes, we give not only the surname and first letter of the author’s name, the title of the publication, the publication and the year and place of publication, but also the page number from which the information or quote is derived.

When we create another footnote regarding the previously mentioned publication, we can save the title of this publication using a shortcut, eg A. Kowalski, Elements …, op. Cit., P. 35.

When we have more than four authors, we can shorten their summoning, eg J. Nowak et al., Gospodarka, Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne, Warsaw 2013, pp. 20-21.

When exactly insert the footnotes in the Bachelor’s or Master’s thesis?

When creating your work for a bachelor’s or master’s degree, remember that there are quite a few situations where you need to use footnotes. In addition to the obvious quotes taken directly from other publications, the footnote will be needed when:

  • we want to cite historical facts,
  • we refer to statistical data, eg “more than half of Zanzibar’s inhabitants are believers …”, “machine exports increased in the first half of the year … o …” – here you will need an indication of where we have such information,
  • we cite other people’s ideas and comments, including to avoid being accused of plagiarism.